Helath Effects of Eating Disorders
Eating disorder is one of the common conditions affecting most people. The following are the features of eating disorders, these include irregular eating habits and severe distress or concern about body weight or shape. It is recommended not to downplay the effects of eating disturbance since it can damage an individual’s well being. The following are the types of eating disorders. There are different types of eating disturbances; however, the following are the common types, these include Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge Eating Disorder. Anyone, regardless of their age can develop eating disorders however, the signs of the conditions will appear during the teen years or young adulthood. Although the illness can be treated; patients need to ensure they find medical care at early stages.
People suffering from anorexia nervosa tend to have an obsessive fear of gaining weight, refusal to maintain healthy body weight and an unrealistic perception of body image. Patients of the illness tend to view themselves as overweight and as a result, they will try all they can to limit the quantity of food they consume. It is recommended for patients suffering from anorexia to seek medical attention since the condition has adverse health effects, such as brain damage, multi-organ failure, bone loss, heart difficulties, infertility, and death.
In addition to understanding anorexia nervosa, it is essential to know much about bulimia nervosa which is an eating disorder with several negative health effects. This eating disorder is characterized by repeated binge eating followed by behaviors that compensate for the overeating, such as forced vomiting, excessive exercise, or extreme use of laxatives or diuretic. The state makes patients fear weight gain something which will make them unhappy with their body size and shape. People suffering from bulimia nervosa tend to suffer from the following effects, including gastrointestinal problems, severe dehydration, and heart difficulties resulting from an electrolyte imbalance.
Another eating disorder is binge which is characterized by frequent loss of control of eating patterns. Binge is different from bulimia since the latter makes patients lose appetite whereas the former increase the urge of feeding. Binge is linked to some negative health effects, some of which include intense feelings of guilt, distress, and embarrassment.
To have a clear understanding of eating disorders, you need to take a look at their causes. Several factors are responsible for creating eating disorders. Since there are many factors that cause eating disorders, the effects can be categorized into the following groups including biological, psychological, and/or environmental. It is believed that some of the biological factors that may affect one’s eating habits include nutritional deficiencies, irregular hormone functions, and genetics.
On the other hand, the psychological factors include poor self-esteem and negative body image. One may suffer from eating disorders; as a result, several environmental causes such as family and childhood traumas, careers that promote being thin and weight loss, aesthetically oriented sports, among others.